12. Responsible Consumption and Production

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.
At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.
Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Où en est la Tunisie concernant l’ODD #12

En Tunisie, des mesures ont été mises en place au fil des années permettant d’avoir des dispositifs institutionnels et juridiques assez étoffés. Cependant, des défis demeurent à relever notamment en matière de gestion et valorisation des déchets des ménages qui sont encore déposés dans des décharges anarchiques ou souffrant de non-conformité aux normes sanitaires et de surcharges. Les modes de consommation en Tunisie ont connu une nette tendance vers la surconsommation et le gaspillage alimentaire avec un impact sensible sur la santé du tunisien marquée notamment par la hausse de la moyenne des maladies non transmissibles telles que l’obésité, l’hypertension, etc…

2,55 millions tonnes

Déchets ménagers (Quantités annuelles)

150millions tonnes

déchets industriels dangereux (quantités annuelles)

3millions DT/mois

coût du gaspillage alimentaire