Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.
At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.
Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

The Lion’s Share Fund

On 21 June, 2018, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), FINCH and founding partner Mars, Incorporated, announced the Lion’s Share, an initiative aimed at transforming the lives of animals across the world by asking advertisers to contribute a percentage of their media spend to conservation and animal welfare projects.  The Lion’s Share will see partners contribute 0.5 percent of their media spend to the fund for each advertisement they use featuring an animal. Those funds will be used to support animals and their habitats around the world. The Fund is seeking to raise US$100m a year within three years, with the money being invested in a range of wildlife conservation and animal welfare programs to be implemented by United Nations and civil society organizations.

Où en est la Tunisie concernant l’ODD #15

En Tunisie, la proportion de la surface du pays couverte par les zones forestières demeure faible et n’a pas changé au cours des dernières années. Conjuguée avec l’aridité du climat et les changements climatiques, la faiblesse de la couverture forestière ne peut qu’accentuer la désertification, la dégradation et la perte de productivité des écosystèmes agricoles, pastoraux et forestiers. Face à la dégradation forestière ayant touchée 40% de la superficie forestière totale, plusieurs efforts ont été entrepris par la Tunisie et ont permis de ralentir le cours de la déforestation. Pour accélérer ces efforts de reboisement, la Tunisie a mis en place une stratégie nationale de développement et de gestion durable des forêts et des parcours (2015-2024).

8%

le taux du couvert végétal par rapport à la superficie totale du territoire

94%

ressources en sol menacées par la désertification et la dégradation (% du territoire)

4%

du total du territoire du pays sont des aires protégés terrestres