7. Affordable and Clean Energy

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy

Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Working towards this goal is especially important as it interlinks with other Sustainable Development Goals. Focusing on universal access to energy, increased energy efficiency and the increased use of renewable energy through new economic and job opportunities is crucial to creating more sustainable and inclusive communities and resilience to environmental issues like climate change.
At the current time, there are approximately 3 billion people who lack access to clean-cooking solutions and are exposed to dangerous levels of air pollution. Additionally, slightly less than 1 billion people are functioning without electricity and 50% of them are found in Sub-Saharan Africa alone. Fortunately, progress has been made in the past decade regarding the use of renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power and the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP is also declining.
However, the challenge is far from being solved and there needs to be more access to clean fuel and technology and more progress needs to be made regarding integrating renewable energy into end-use applications in buildings, transport and industry. Public and private investments in energy also need to be increased and there needs to be more focus on regulatory frameworks and innovative business models to transform the world’s energy systems.

Où en est la Tunisie concernant l’ODD #7

Les efforts consentis par la Tunisie ont permis d’assurer un accès à l’électricité à 99.8% de la population et de réduire de 20% sa facture énergétique (par rapport à 2000). Il n’en demeure pas moins que le déficit énergétique (écart entre les besoins et les ressources énergétiques) se creuse, avec une dépendance marquée aux importations des énergies fossiles et des subventions énergétiques directes qui pèsent lourd sur le budget de l’Etat (environ 10%). La Tunisie est devenue, à partir de 2001, un pays importateur net d’énergie primaire. Au cours des neuf dernières années, le déficit énergétique commercial s’est multiplié par 11.

30%

de l'énergie renouvelable dans la production d'électricité (Objectif national 2030)

32%

du déficit global de la balance commerciale est dû à l'énergie

48%

le taux d'indépendance énergitique en 2018 (vs 93% en 2010)